- in the confessions, augustine wrote about his struggle with understanding how evil exists in a world created by god he questioned how it was possible and why god allows evil in his creations because god is supremely good. According to augustine, the earth was brought into existence ex nihilo by a perfectly good and just god, who created man the earth is not eternal the earth, as well as time, has both a beginning and an end. The problem of evil is often formulated in two forms: the logical problem of evil and the evidential problem of evil the logical form of the argument tries to show a logical impossibility in the coexistence of god and evil,   while the evidential form tries to show that given the evil in the world, it is improbable that there is an.
Augustine's adaptation of classical thought to christian teaching created a theological system of great power and lasting influence his numerous written works, the most important of which are confessions ( c 400) and the city of god ( c 413-426), shaped the practice of biblical exegesis and helped lay the foundation for much of medieval. If god created the world good and made humanity in his image, but people decided to disobey god, then a broken world would result then we would expect to see an imperfect world filled with people doing bad things to each other, people dying, and people realizing that this is not how the world is supposed to be. In this augustine argues that the fall of the roman empire is a result of the conflict between the city of world and the city of god the city of god is victorious, and this brings great hope.
His argument is that, when god created the world, he both created actual stuff—animals, vegetation, etc, but also created seminal seeds by which (over time) new things would come forth. Though the transcendental argument for god is deductively sound, not all atheists will be convinced upon hearing it it may take time for them to even understand the argument in the first place. The justice of god thus revealed was for augustine an adequate answer to the jews the spiritual nature of god, refutation for the pagans and the goodness of god and god's creation the decisive argument against the manichees. Confessions by augustine a philosophical question faces christians, and in fact all theists, that challenges the belief in god to theists, god is an omnipotent, perfect god.
Inasmuch as god created the world by an act of freedom, we must assume that the world had a beginning for eternal creation, the conception of origen and the neo-platonists, is synonymous with emanation. In de libero arbitrio iii20 & 21 (circa 395 ce), when augustine first attends to the question of the soul's origin in a manner that focuses upon particular possibilities, he does so as part of an anti-manichean theodicy intended to show that it is the human soul rather than god that is responsible for the presence of moral evil in the world. God deliberately created us so that his existence is uncertain if we could see god looking down on us we would act morally out of a fear of punishment rather than seeking virtue for the sake of moral growth. Augustine (354—430 ce) st augustine is a fourth century philosopher whose groundbreaking philosophy infused christian doctrine with neoplatonism he is famous for being an inimitable catholic theologian and for his agnostic contributions to western philosophy.
The challenge that god could have created a world of free-will creatures immutable in their goodness is answered by the notion of plenitude, the greatest good the possibility of evil also makes a greater good possible. At first, st augustine considered that the existence of god should simply be taken for granted it was regarded as a matter so self-evident that a proof of god's existence would be entirely. While augustine certainly considered his arguments in contra academicos to be a sufficient refutation, his strongest argument, that of si fallor, sum appears in a number of works, such as his soliloquies and de libero arbitrio. The city of god was one of the most influential works of the middle ages st augustine's famous theory that people need government because they are sinful served as a model for church-state relations in medieval times. An exposition of the argument from natural evil, a version of the problem of evil that takes the existence of natural evil in the world to be proof that god does not exist.
The augustinian theodicy, named for the 4th- and 5th-century theologian, philosopher and (according to some christian denominations) saint augustine of hippo, is a type of christian theodicy designed in response to the evidential problem of evil. Augustine argues that god does not allow evil to exist so much as we choose it by our actions, deeds, and words later, he came to the conclusion that it is impossible for us to understand the mind of god, and therefore we cannot come to a proper comprehension of why suffering exists. The opening books of city of god, therefore, demonstrate by negative argument, with polemical verve, that in the order of knowledge, god--the christian god--prevails alone what remains is for augustine to show that this god prevails in the order of action--and love--as well.
Yet in fact the tension between the christian concept of god and the existence of evil and suffering in the world he created was apparent well before st augustine was born the nicene creed (325ad) affirmed the omnipotence of the father almighty and the full divinity of jesus christ. Augustine says, we assert both that god knows all things before they come to pass, and that we do by our free will whatsoever we know and feel to be done by us only because we will it (in solomon and martin, 165 . Summary in this book augustine assesses the nature of time itself and discusses how it relates to the eternity of god at the beginning of the book he tells his readers that the arguments are both intricate and difficult, and that he has to appeal for god to help. In order to accept (or reject) an argument for god's existence, one must have some grasp of the meaning of the conclusion one possibility is that augustine takes the mistranslation to mean that in order to find god one must first live in the way of faith.